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कुमाँऊ का संक्षिप्त इतिहास

September 4th, 2006 | 62 Comments | Posted in इतिहास

कुमाँऊ शब्द की उत्पत्ति कुर्मांचल से हुई है जिसका मतलब है कुर्मावतार (भगवान विष्णु का कछुआ रूपी अवतार) की धरती। कुमाँऊ मध्य हिमालय में स्थित है, इसके उत्तर में हिमालय, पूर्व में काली नदी, पश्चिम में गढ‌वाल और दक्षिण में मैदानी भाग। इस क्षेत्र में मुख्यतया ‘कत्यूरी’ और ‘चंद’ राजवंश के वंशजों द्धारा राज्य किया गया। उन्होंने इस क्षेत्र में कई मंदिरों का भी निर्माण किया जो आजकल सैलानियों (टूरिस्ट) के आकर्षण का केन्द्र भी हैं। कुमाँऊ का पूर्व मध्ययुगीन इतिहास ‘कत्यूरी’ राजवंश का इतिहास ही है, जिन्होंने 7 वीं से 11 वीं शताब्दी तक राज्य किया। इनका राज्य कुमाँऊ, गढ‌वाल और पश्चिम नेपाल तक फैला हुआ था। अल्मोड‌ा शहर के नजदीक स्थित खुबसूरत जगह बैजनाथ इनकी राजधानी और कला का मुख्य केन्द्र था। इनके द्धारा भारी पत्थरों से निर्माण करवाये गये मंदिर वास्तुशिल्पीय कारीगरी की बेजोड‌ मिसाल थे। इन मंदिरों में से प्रमुख है ‘कटारमल का सूर्य मंदिर’ (अल्मोडा शहर के ठीक सामने, पूर्व के ओर की पहाड‌ी पर स्थित)। 900 साल पूराना ये मंदिर अस्त होते ‘कत्यूरी’ साम्राज्य के वक्त बनवाया गया था।

कुमाँऊ में ‘कत्यूरी’ साम्राज्य के बाद पिथौरागढ‌ के ‘चंद’ राजवंश का प्रभाव रहा। जागेश्वर का प्रसिद्ध शिव मंदिर इन्ही के द्धारा बनवाया गया था, इसकी परिधि में छोटे बड‌े कुल मिलाकर 164 मंदिर हैं।

ऐसा माना गया है कि ‘कोल’ शायद कुमाँऊ के मूल निवासी थे, द्रविडों से हारे जाने पर उनका कोई एक समुदाय बहुत पहले कुमाँऊ आकर बस गया। आज भी कुमाँऊ के शिल्पकार उन्हीं ‘कोल’ समुदाय के वंशज माने जाते हैं। बाद में ‘खस’ समुदाय के काफी लोग मध्य एशिया से आकर यहाँ के बहुत हिस्सों में बस गये। कुमाँऊ की ज्यादातर जनसंख्या इन्हीं ‘खस’ समुदाय की वंशज मानी जाती है। ऐसी कहावत है कि बाद में ‘कोल’ समुदाय के लोगों ने ‘खस’ समुदाय के सामने आत्मसमर्फण कर इनकी संस्कृति और रिवाज अपनाना शुरू कर दिया होगा। ‘खस’ समुदाय के बाद कुमाँऊ में ‘वैदिक आर्य’ समुदाय का आगमन हुआ। स्थानीय राजवंशों के इतिहास की शुरूआत के साथ ही यहाँ के ज्यादातर निवासी भारत के तमाम अलग अलग हिस्सों से आये ‘सवर्ण या ऊंची जात’ से प्रभावित होने लगे। आज के कुमाँऊ में ब्राह्मण, राजपूत, शिल्पकार, शाह (कभी अलग वर्ण माना जाता था) सभी जाति या वर्ण के लोग इसका हिस्सा हैं। संक्षेप में, कुमाँऊ को जानने के लिये हमेशा निम्न जातियों या समुदाय का उल्लेख किया जायेगा – शोक्य या शोक, बंराजिस, थारू, बोक्स, शिल्पकार, सवर्ण, गोरखा, मुस्लिम, यूरोपियन (औपनिवेशिक युग के समय), बंगाली, पंजाबी (विभाजन के बाद आये) और तिब्बती (सन् 1960 के बाद)।

6वीं शताब्दी (ए.डी) से पहले - क्यूनीनदास या कूनीनदास
6वीं शताब्दी (ए.डी) के दौरान - खस, नंद और मौर्य। ऐसी मान्यता है बिंदुसार के शासन के वक्त खस समुदाय द्धारा की गई बगावत अशोक द्धारा दबा दी गई। उस वक्त पुरूष प्रधान शासन माना जाता है। 633-643 ए.डी के दौरान यूवान च्वांग (ह्वेन-टीसेंग) के कुमाँऊ के कुछ हिस्सों का भ्रमण किया और उसने स्त्री राज्य का भी उल्लेख किया। ऐसा माना जाता है कि यह गोविशाण (आज का काशीपूर) क्षेत्र रहा होगा। कुमाँऊ के कुछ हिस्सों में उस वक्त ‘पौरवों’ ने भी शासन किया होगा।
6वी से 12वी शताब्दी (ए.डी) - इस दौरान कत्यूरी वंश ने सारे कुमाँऊ में शासन किया। 1191 और 1223 के दौरान दोती (पश्चिम नेपाल) के मल्ल राजवंश के अशोका मल्ल और क्रचल्ला देव ने कुमाँऊ में आक्रमण किया। कत्यूरी वंश छोटी छोटी रियासतों में सीमित होकर रह गया।
12वी शताब्दी (ए.डी) से - चंद वंश के शासन की शुरूआत। चंद राजवंश ने पाली, अस्कोट, बारामंडल, सुई, दोती, कत्यूर द्धवाराहाट, गंगोलीहाट, लाखनपुर रियासतों में अधिकार कर अपने राज्य में मिला ली।
1261 – 1275 - थोहर चंद
1344 – 1374 या 1360 – 1378 - अभय चंद। कुछ ताम्रपत्र मिले जो चंद वंश के अलग अलग शासकों से संबन्धित थे लेकिन शासकों के नाम का पता नही चल पाया।
1374 – 1419 (ए.डी) - गरूड़ ज्ञानचंद
1437 – 1450 (ए.डी) - भारती चंद
1565 – 1597 (ए.डी) - रूद्र चंद
1597 – 1621 (ए.डी) - लक्ष्मी चंद। चंद शासकों के दौरान नये शहरों की स्थापना और इनका विकास भी हुआ जैसे रूद्रपुर, बाजपुर, काशीपुर।
1779 – 1786 (ए.डी) - कुमाँऊ के परमार राजकुमार, प्रद्धयुमन शाह ने प्रद्धयुमन चंद के नाम से राज्य किया और अंततः गोरखाओं के साथ खुरबुरा (देहरादून) के युद्ध में वीरगति को प्राप्त हुआ।
1788 – 1790 (ए.डी) - महेन्द्र सिंह चंद, ऐसा माना जाता है कि यह चंद वंश का अंतिम शासक था। जिसने राजबुंगा (चंपावत) से शासन किया लेकिन बाद में अल्मोड‌ा से किया।
1790 – 1815 (ए.डी) - कुमाँउ में गोरखाओं का राज्य रहा। गोरखाओं के निर्दयता और जुल्म से भरपूर शासन में चंद वंश के शासकों का पूरा ही नाश हो गया।
1814 – 1815 (ए.डी) - नेपाल युद्ध। ईस्ट इंडिया कम्पनी ने गोरखाओं को पराजित कर कुमाऊँ में राज्य करना शुरू किया।

यदपि ब्रिटिश राज्य गोरखाओं (जिसको गोरख्योल कहा जाता था) से कम निर्दयता पूर्ण और बेहतर था लेकिन फिर भी ये विदेशी राज्य था। लेकिन फिर भी ब्रिटिश राज्य के दौरान ही कुमाँऊ में प्रगति की शुरूआत भी हुई। इसके बाद, कुमाँऊ में भी लोग विदेशी राज्य के खिलाफ उठ खड‌े हुए।

खुशबु द्धारा प्रदान लेख का हिन्दी अनुवाद, लेख की सामग्री प्रदान कराने के लिये खुशबु का आभार

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62 Responses to “कुमाँऊ का संक्षिप्त इतिहास”

  1. आशीष Says:

    हमारी मांग है कि ऐसे लेख हिन्दी वीकीपीडीया मे अति शिघ्र डाले जांये !

  2. ratna Says:

    आशीष जी एक दम सही कह रहे है।

  3. Amit Gupta Says:

    6वीं शताब्दी (ए.डी) के दौरान – खस, नंद और मौर्य। ऐसी मान्यता है बिंदुसार के शासन के वक्त खस समुदाय द्धारा की गई बगावत अशोक द्धारा दबा दी गई।

    पर भई अशोक का जीवनकाल सन्‌ 304-232 ईसापूर्व में था।

    1991 और 1223 के दौरान दोती (पश्चिम नेपाल) के मल्ल राजवंश के अशोका मल्ल और क्रचल्ला देव ने कुमाँऊ में आक्रमण किया।

    शायद आप “1191 और 1223″ कहना चाह रहे हैं!! ;)

    वैसे overall बढ़िया लेख है। इतनी जानकारी देने का धन्यवाद। कभी अल्मोड़ा आदि भी होकर आएँगे और फ़िर वहाँ का 900 वर्ष पुराना “कटारमल का सूर्य मंदिर” देखेंगे। :)

  4. तरूण Says:

    @आशीष और @रत्ना, समय मिलते ही ये किया जायेगा।

    @अमित, इतिहास में अपना हाथ जरा तंग है इसलिये अशोक वाली कहानी कहीं से वेरिफाई करनी पड‌ेगी। दूसरी गलती के लिये धन्यवाद पहले ११९१ ही लिखा था लेकिन अंग्रेजी नंबर लिखने में गड‌बड‌ हो गई। शुक्रिया दोनो बातें ध्यान दिलाने का, बड‌ी मुद्दत बाद तुम्हारा कमेंट देख कर अच्छा लगा।

    लेख सराहने के लिये आप तीनो का शुक्रिया :)

  5. Amit Gupta Says:

    अमित, इतिहास में अपना हाथ जरा तंग है इसलिये अशोक वाली कहानी कहीं से वेरिफाई करनी पड‌ेगी।

    अरे अशोक के जीवनकाल के बारे में तो मैं सही हूँ जी। यह तो हर इतिहास की किताब में मिल जाएगा। यकीन नहीं तो यहाँ विकिपीडिया पर देख लो। ;)

    बड‌ी मुद्दत बाद तुम्हारा कमेंट देख कर अच्छा लगा

    अब ऐसा है कि आप तो जानते ही हो कि आजकल समय के मामले में अपना हाथ जरा तंग है। वैसे यह चाणक्य ने कहा था कि “समय का एक पल सौ करोड़ स्वर्ण मुद्राएँ देने पर भी नहीं खरीदा जा सकता”। तो जितना समय ब्लॉग आदि पढ़ने का मिलता है उसमें कुछ चुनिंदा लेख ही पढ़ पाता हूँ। अब यह लेख ऐसा था कि इसे तो पढ़ना ही था!! :D

  6. yogesh rawat Says:

    i liked it. it is good to know abt ur home land. i thank all those who have put effort to do this.

  7. santan rawat Says:

    can you give us complete history of BINSAR MAHADEV. WHO HASE BUILD THIS TEMPLE

  8. Mahesh Chand Joshi Says:

    dash sal se is pankati ko parna cha rha tha moka aj mila

  9. guddu rawat Says:

    please tell me the kingdom of katuri dynesty. befor kartikeypur.

  10. amar singh bisht Says:

    feeling very good to know the history of kumaoun.

    plz some more

  11. AMBA DUTT, LODHI COLONY Says:

    I salute the maker of this site. Information given is outstanding.

  12. jag Says:

    sacsd

  13. dinesh Says:

    Thanks for yhis information i am taa from kumaon but i am leave in gurgaon
    babli taro mobil is very beautyfull song

  14. MANOJ S. RAUTELA Says:

    GOOD TO SEE BRIEF HISTORY ABOUT KUMAON REGION. ITS REALY USEFUL FOR YOUNG GENERATION WHICH CAN TAKE BENEFIT OF THIS INFORMATION DOMAIN. I THINK WE SHOULD INCREASE IT AND ENHANCE IT AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. BECAUSE TODAY IT IS NEED TO TELL OUR CULTURE & HISTORY TO OTHER COMMUNITY. WHICH IS NOT A BIG COMMUNITY BUT ALSO GREAT & SUCCESSFUL COMMUNITY.

    GREAT JOB KEEP IT UP

    MANOJ S. RAUTELA
    VPO NARGOLI
    DIST.BAGESHWAR ,
    UA/UK

  15. naveen joshi Says:

    can any body tell the exect origin of Kumauni Joshis. From where they reaced Kumaon????
    Some says that we came from Sonipat(Haryana).

  16. Neeta Says:

    aab chand aur katuri rajaoo ke vanshaj kaun hain.

    kaumaon kaa itihaas vistrit roop mein kahaan upalbdh hai?

  17. vinay Says:
  18. Puran Says:

    Apani Devboomi Kumaon kay baray mai es site per pad kar bahoot achha lag raha hai. Logown kay sujaw or jankari ped kar mera apni matra boomi kay baray mai or gaynbardhan ho raha hai. Editor ko mera bahoot bahoot danyawad es sundar site kay dwara kumaon ko worldmap per prastut karnay ka.

  19. Pinaki Says:

    hey! r u the same ‘Naveen Joshi’ who worked @ pinakib @ gmail . com

  20. inder singh rautela Says:

    information here published is very good. but history view is too short to understand the ancestery tree, more information is require.

  21. SURENDER SINGH RAMOLA Says:

    NAMSTE BHAI अरे बही तुम त म्यार उत्तरांचल की बोली म गीत लिख्दा मीते बहुत बरिया लगदा टैब मीते अप्नु पहर यद् आनद मी आपसे रेकुस्त कर्दु की और भी कुवे अच्छे गीत ची टू मीते लिख्दीय्ना और मीते कवे अची सी सी डी होली त मीते भेज दियां म्यार नाम सुरेन्दर सिंह रमोला च म्यार गों च भैर्गओं मला पट्टी चौथान च डिस्ट्रिक पौरी गह्र्वाल पोस्ट ऑफिस उफ्फ्रेंखाल च मी ता ढीली माँ रेंदु और गद्वाली गीतों बड़ी शोक चा धन्यबाद !

  22. SURENDER SINGH RAMOLA Says:

    NAMSTE BHAI अरे बही तुम त म्यार उत्तरांचल की बोली म गीत लिख्दा मीते बहुत बरिया लगदा टैब मीते अप्नु पहर यद् आनद मी आपसे रेकुस्त कर्दु की और भी कुवे अच्छे गीत ची टू मीते लिख्दीय्ना और मीते कवे अची सी सी डी होली त मीते भेज दियां म्यार नाम सुरेन्दर सिंह रमोला च म्यार गों च भैर्गओं मला पट्टी चौथान च डिस्ट्रिक पौरी गह्र्वाल पोस्ट ऑफिस उफ्फ्रेंखाल च मी ता ढीली माँ रेंदु और गद्वाली गीतों बड़ी शोक चा धन्यबाद !
    भाई म्यार मेल आईडी ३६५६५@कुल्टाद.कॉम

  23. Avinash Rajpoot Says:

    Actully, i open this site and i curious to know about our uttaranchal. As I am born in this area. Thanks a lot, who posted and given the details about the historical aspect as well as rare things or events on this area. However, whenever I visit in this site it reminds me about my hometown.
    I once again thanks to them who posted the details information related to Uttaranchal.
    Avinash Rajpoot
    (Sameer)
    Jaity (Almora)
    my email id
    sameer.rajpoot63@gmail.com, baba_sameer@hotmail.com

  24. chatar singh pundir Says:

    hi happy new year 2008

  25. Lalit Mathpal Says:

    Can anyone plz provide some details of katyuri kings

  26. prem singh negi Says:

    good thinking all (vill-kotkhyushal almora) (jai uttarachal)

  27. Padam R Arya Says:

    Kumoun ka itihas padhkar bahut achha laga. Mere man mai kai varson se ek sawal jagata hai jiska jawab pana muskil hai. Main Bhikiyasain ke pas Basot gaon ka rahane wala hun aur Almora mai padha hun. Main “Oli” jati ka hun. Maine dekha hai ki Dwarahat aur Pithoragarh main “Oli” Rajput aur Brahaman hain lekin hamare gaon main yehi log shilpkar hain. Iska kya karan ho sakata hai. Koi itihaskar iska pata laga sakata hai. Aisa kaise ho gaya.

    Namaste

    Padam

  28. Anshul Says:

    can anybody tell me about Joshi families of Kumaon (Almora). There culture, festival, customs, marriges etc etc.

  29. virendra singh saud (saun) Says:

    kumoun ka itihas paddkar accha laga par kuchh adhura jaisa laga.
    ashok malla nahi hai chhalla hai krachalla thik hai,,, nagraj, ne vishal khas samrajya khada kiya tha aur iski rajdhani doti nahi humla ke sinja main hai… katyuri, chand aadi rajwansh us samay chhote 2 samant, bhardar the.. nagraj ke bete aur pote ashok challa aur krachalla ne khas samrajya ko himanchal tak paunchaya… baad mein nagaraj ke vansh ke ripu malla ne purvi nepal ko bhi apane rajya main mila liya.. nepal (abhi kathmandu) ke malla raja ko harane ke baad chall se mall padvi le.. jageswhor main chand rajaon ne unhi khas rajon ke samman main mandir aur shilalekh banaye… ripu malla ke baad khas samrajya kamjor hone laga aur doti main niray pal, humla main mallai bam aur kumaon main chand rajaon ne bagawaat ki aur vaibhavshali vishal khas samrajya ko patan ho gaya aur isi ke sathh maidani rajput pahadi rajput (khas) se bade bhi ho gaye..

  30. guddu Says:

    whats about bageshwar, plz give a brief history abt this place

  31. narendra singh bangari Says:

    pls send more about the same, i like much good

  32. ady Says:

    It is a good effort to spread knowledge of Kumaoni history.

    Mr. Padam R Arya has raised an interesting question. I have also visited many places of Kumaon region and found that people have created distance among themselves based on their caste, colour and customs. Surprisingly, as it is said in this website only, “history section”; कुमाँऊ को जानने के लिये हमेशा निम्न जातियों या समुदाय का उल्लेख किया जायेगा, but these lower castes are most poor in condition, with useless land or no land and no water sources, even separated in many places. Therefore the true history of kumaon can never be revealed. It seems that the poor families or groups were identified as lower castes and mindful were identified as upper castes in the past, resulting all the resources were possessed by selected groups hence whatever we know today, cannot be verified.

  33. dharmbir thakur Says:

    this site is exellent i belong to uttranchal.but i was not aware about our history thanks to give informatiions
    thank you

  34. raj rautela Says:

    hi,
    this is my ancestral land but never lived there but always, visit this place and go around it is different that today i am foreigner in my land but always inquisitive about it and still hang around to check the temples, i have made a[point to visit Dunagiri .
    The constructions made by the katyuris like the katarmal, baijnath temple and in hills by katyuris has really made it DEVBHOOMI in this modern virtual world.
    Hats off to the person responsible for imparting this information

  35. raj rautela Says:

    Pn: If any more informative materials on this is available thru cds. or books/ dealers etc. may pse contact on my e-mail-rawrjsh@gmail.com.
    I am destined to pay visit to india on jul 10th

  36. Pooran Singh Says:

    Nice details, but you have not mentioned before 600 AD and also for BC.

    As per coins we can find out the Pandavas development during their AGWATwas (like Bhimtal, Pandukholi, Taragtal etc.). They have also built many temple and some lake.

    We can also find out from coils rule of Gupt Vans and Samundragupt was the superior king in Indian hisotry, alos attack in China, Nepal. At the time of his region nobody can defeat him in his carrier.

    Kunindas was also there who dominated the area from 500 BC to 600 AD

  37. Mohan joshi Says:

    Guys & Gals,

    Keep it up! Great work & efforts. Appreciate it.

    You all can make it more exhaustive by adding all informations/knowldedge-social/cultural etc. This could become a big information sharing platform for all of us.

    3 cheers for the efforts again by an uttranchali for this wonderful efforts.

    Warm regards

  38. Hemendra Singh Kanyal Says:

    Hi,

    This is very nice articale i m also belongs from didihat, i proud to be kumavni,, i hv read all your articles which all are v.good and offcourse you have done a great job for that i m really appriciting you.
    bye bye take

  39. kanchan rawat Says:

    hai dosto i luv my uttarakahnd and its song thano re thando mare paharro ki hawa thando pani thando

  40. dr sanjay upreti Says:

    nice site to know about kumaon. can i get information about a book on history of kumaon by rahul sankratyayan.

  41. vijay arya Says:

    hi,good to see your work,i want to know about the history of shilpkar (arya) of uttaranchal,how can i get?

  42. Sunil Arya Says:

    Hi …

    this is very nice artical…i really appriciat it..
    ese articals ko video ke saath publish karna chahiye …
    kya aap katuri or shilpkar’s ki or history send kar sakte hai…
    itne purane intihaas ki information rakhna bahut jaruri hai…

    by
    sunil arya

  43. Rohit Singh Bisht Says:

    This is a very good article to get an brief introduction of kumaon history.

  44. Dr.Jaman Lal Says:

    Interesting to read & informative. Had the author given some proof (references),it would have been authentic. Like Kols being the break away group of Dravids and shilpkars being the descendants of kols. Kols surrendering before Khas and embracing their culture &customs.Whatever happened to the culture & customs of Kols?. Words like “mana gaya hai/shayad” do not hold much water. I shall be thankful if any one could clear my doubts.

  45. Dr.J.P.Nautiyal,Mangalore,Karnataka Says:

    wah….wah….ati sundar….bahoot achcha prayas hai. ise yahoo main bhi dalen.
    Dr.Nautiyal

  46. BHUPENDRA BHAKUNI Says:

    please tell me about bhakunies family’s orign and from where they were came.

  47. Tarun Says:

    @Jaman lalji, ye ek english lekh se anuvaad kiya gaya hai, aur jehan tak “mana gaya hai” type ke words ki baat hai to woh kai baar history style artciles me bhi parne ko mil jaata hai.

    Aise artciles information milne ke saath saath correct bhi kiye ja sakte hai. Agar aapne note kiya hoga to kuch words kaate bhi gaye hain, jiske ek dusre reader ne thik karwaya tha.

    Agar aap ke paas sahi ya aur jyada information hai to aap bhi sabke saath share kar sakte hain.

  48. Suresh Uprety Says:

    Talking about the history, Kumaon was part of Nepal politically and is part of nepal Legally. The then government of Nepal and The East India Company made a treaty called Sugauli Sandhi to cease the war. Nepal had to lose one third part of it’s land including Kumaon-Gadhwal.
    Later when East India Company left India, that part should go to Nepal legally but that didn’t happen. Another strong legal advantage to nepal is that India and nepal did another treaty which states to void all the treaties between East India Company and Nepal. That means, all the part like Kumaon -Gadhal upto Kangada.

    I’m Nepali and i know nepal can not take it’s land back easily from the political giant country like India.

    However that’s the truth. I ‘m waiting for the reply from other local people.

  49. v Joshi Says:

    Doti, kumaun, garhwal had fought against gorkha with british. prithivpati shah of doti , harka dev joshi of kumaun and sudarshan shah of garhwal therefore the gorkha empire felldown. invasion of other territory not meas being their part . sudarshan shah gained his territory back form British and it merged with india in 1950
    Ashok chall was not of doti , he was of dullu Karnali zone of Nepal and was driven away by Raikas of Doti and sira

  50. Dinesh chandra kandpal Says:

    NAMAHSKAR TO ALL DEVBHOMI RESISDENCE .PERMANENTLY I LIVED 18 YEAR IN UTTRAKHAND IT IS VERY VERY GOOD PLACE .IF WE HAVE SOME JOBS AND GOOD LAND KASAM BHAGWAN KI NO BODYS GO TO OUTSIDE .BUT WHAT WE WILL DO FOR JOB? NOW MORE THEN 50% FAMILY PERMANENTLY LEAVE UTTRAKHAND.ALSO WE LOSSING OUR PAHARI LANGUAGE BECAUSE WE HAVE NOT OUR OWN GRAMMER .WHICH STUDENTS ARE COMPLETE THEIR REASEARH FROM LITERATURE I REQUEST TO THEM PL .DO SOMETHING FOR OUR PAHARI GRAMMER. THANK YOU

  51. Birendra Singh Rajwar Says:

    I have gone through the histroy of Kumaon. I feel very proud to be one of kumaoni. I would like to thank all of the writer who have put their best efforts to familarise the future genration about their history. I would also liketo thank the people of kumaon for their honesty, intelligency and brave deeds. I feel proud to be known as kumaouni as it has secrificed its peeople for the security and safety of our country-india. As our young generation used ot join the Army for keeping our country safe from the borders as well as from the terrerists. As the Govt. has been influenced by the curruption, our young generation has also change their mind set to use their skill and intelligence and power in other fields rather than joining the Army, rssults are there that number of kumouni guys are scientists, honest leader and are holding other responsible positions and are known their honesty and sincerity. Mohan chandra Sharma is one of kumouni brave example who have sacrificed his life for the people of our county. There are so many and—- so many those are not given credit because of corrupt policies and nepotism of our Govt. system and policies.
    I would like to encourage the writer to write the history in such a way that our gereration will get inspiratron and boost the moral and honesty in each of indian citizen to create a
    “The honest and sincere people should spread all over the country to spread their honesty, sincerity and wisdom whereas the corrupt people should shuld retain at one place so that other people should not learn their corruption and dishonest manners, their corruption should retain with them only”
    Jai Hind, Jai Kumoun, Jai Bharat .

  52. Birendra Singh Rajwar Says:

    I have gone through the histroy of Kumaon. I feel very proud to be one of kumaoni. I would like to thank all of the writer who have put their best efforts to familarise the future genration about their history. I would also like to thank the people of kumaon for their honesty, intelligency and brave deeds. I feel proud to be known as kumaouni as it has secrificed its people for the security and safety of our country-india. As our young generation used ot join the Army for keeping our country safe from the borders as well as from the terrerists. As the Govt. has been influenced by the curruption, our young generation has also change their mind set to use their skill and intelligence and power in other fields rather than joining the Army, rssults are there that number of kumouni guys are scientists, honest leader and are holding other responsible positions and are known their honesty and sincerity. Mohan chandra Sharma is one of kumouni brave example who have sacrificed his life for the people of our county and for the people of Delhites. May God give birth lakhs of such honest, brave and intelligent people around us who may save their surrounding without any self interest. There are so many and—- so many those are not given credit because of corrupt policies and nepotism of our Govt. system. I would like to encourage the writer to write the history in such a way that our gereration will get inspiratron and boost the moral and honesty in each of indian citizen to create a healthy atmosphere.
    “The Honest and Sincere people should spread all over the country to spread their Honesty, Sincerity and Wisdom whereas the corrupt people should shuld retain at one place so that other people should not learn their corruption and dishonest manners, their corruption should retain with them only”
    Jai Hind, Jai Kumoun, Jai Bharat .

  53. Birendra Singh Rajwar Says:

    I have gone through the histroy of Kumaon. I feel very proud to be one of kumaoni. I would like to thank all of the writer who have put their best efforts to familarise the future genration about their history. I would also like to thank the people of kumaon for their honesty, intelligency and brave deeds. I feel proud to be known as kumaouni as it has secrificed its people for the security and safety of our country-india. As our young generation used to join the Army for keeping our country safe from the borders as well as from the terrerists. As the Govt. has been influenced by the curruption, our young generation has also change their mind set to use their skill and intelligence and power in other fields rather than joining the Army, rssults are there that number of kumouni guys are scientists, honest leader and are holding other responsible positions and are known their honesty and sincerity. Mohan chandra Sharma is one of kumouni brave example who have sacrificed his life for the people of our county and for the people of Delhites. There are so many and—- so many those are not given credit because of corrupt policies and nepotism of our Govt. system. I would like to encourage the writer to write the history in such a way that our gereration will get inspiratron and boost the moral and honesty in each of indian citizen to create a healthy atmosphere.
    “The Honest and Sincere people should spread all over the country to spread their Honesty, Sincerity and Wisdom whereas the corrupt people should shuld retain at one place so that other people should not learn their corruption and dishonest manners, their corruption should retain with them only”
    Jai Hind, Jai Kumoun, Jai Bharat .

  54. Girja Says:

    i shall be greatfull if some one can mail me ras/chulkani/bhatti jaul banane ki vidhi .

  55. Suraj Chupad Says:

    Hi, I belong to Shilpkar community also called “Arya”. My village name is Chupad also called “Chopra”, near “Garam Pani” thats why I use “Chupad” surname. I have been running a coaching centre in Delhi for last 10 years for College students of Commerce stream. I have taught several students who belonged to Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaishya castes of Kumaon.

    Most of the surnames used in Kumaon are the names of places where people belong to. I read lots of articles about History of Kumaon and came to know that only The Aryas or Shilpkars or Kols are original inhabitants of Kumaon and all others are migrated to Kumaon. You can say that Kols were the oldest tribes of Kumaon who did all kinds of job what human does to live. The oldest men were enough knowledgeable and wise to lead the groups in their time. Later when other groups migrated to this region, conflicts must have risen for various vested interests of individuals or groups. Over the period of time different groups merged together as well as separated to create new groups, hence new castes, gotra, customs, beliefs and work were adopted and all these categories like; Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudras were formed based on the knowledge and interest of work. Later people followed particular work skills in their families that created their identity. It is very difficult for anybody to prove his originality because people merged with each others group, changed their work and migrated to one place to other for so many reasons. Even today, so many young boys and girls from different region, religion, caste, gotra and beliefs are getting married just on the basis of their common interest. Everybody is free to become educated and choose any career to serve the society. Everybody is free to visit any temple in the country.

    So at the end, I would like to say that we must think about our present and future but not our past. It does not matter if I belonged to a King dynasty because nobody is going to salute me for that but the important things would be my behaviour, my knowledge and my work skills that will make me a useful person for the society.

  56. sunil arya Says:

    it was really nice to read all this history of kumaon. thanks to all of u who put their efforts to share their knowledge with others…
    can u kindly shares the information about our DEVTA LIKE HARUHIT RAJULAA MALL SHAI ETC. & about jaagri….. I will wait for your positive response ……………… JAI KUMAO JAI UTTRANCHAL

  57. vinod singh kaintura Says:

    katyuri raj hi aj kaintura ke nam se jane jate ha jo tehre me arota, tyadgaon, deengaon, kannas lingwana, 11 gaon hindo, makhendi, dwarhat, almora, joshimath adi gaon me rahte ha

  58. B R Semwal Says:

    Hi, I am also an uttarakhandi belong to Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. It was nice to read article “History of Kumaon”. I would like to know about Goril Devta (known as GOLU in Kumaon region) I heard that this Devta was also a King of Kaituri Densty then how he became a Devta and being worshipped by us in Kumaon as well as Garhwal. Some part of Garhwal this is being worshipped as Kandolia. If any body has some knowledge about this, please share your knowledge with us. Please also post history of Garhwal also. Thanks

  59. sagar bisht Says:

    I’people of kumaon and there brave history

  60. Tara Singh Negi (Baghari) Says:

    Dear all,

    I am very Happy for new Information Kumaon all Histry,
    Kumaon Song & all traditional etc.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Tara Singh Baghari
    Barari Baghewar(uttrakhand)

  61. shankar singh fartiyal( Lamgra Almora Says:

    I read about history of kumaon.And knew much more about kumoan
    every person of kumaon should know about kumaon specialy to new
    genegation

  62. ranjit rawat Says:

    kumaoni is not only word but it is the feeling to be the great warrior…

बड़ी देर कर दी, मेहरबाँ आते-आते

टिप्पणियों का शटर कुछ दिनों ही खुला रहता है। असुविधा के लिये हम से भूल हो रही है हमका माफी देयीदो, अच्छा कहो, चाहे बुरा कहो....हमको सब कबूल, हमका माफी देयीदो।